Luxembourg, the only Grand Duchy in the World

The only Grand Duchy in the world, Luxembourg offers a fascinating variety of contrasts in its small territory: a rich history and exemplary modernity, local flair and cosmopolitanism, big and small, hills and valleys. It is strategically located in the heart of Europe and is within easy reach of numerous major European- and international business centres.

Despite its small size (2,586km2), Luxembourg boasts with a surprising variety of exciting attractions: Schengen, the birthplace of the idea of ​​a unified Europe; the headquarters of many European Union institutions; the Bock Casemates, a huge network of underground galleries and UNESCO World Heritage Site; the medieval Vianden Castle, the Mullerthal-region (Luxembourg’s little Switzerland), and the beautiful Moselle wine country. Today, Luxembourg is home to a European microcosm charactersised by the diversity of its multicultural society, the regional differences and local particularities, which shape the country into an extremely rich cosmopolitan society.


Official name
Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Capital City
Luxembourg-city: 114,000 inhabitants (1st January 2017)
Total: 590,000 inhabitants (1st January 2017)
National language: Luxembourgish (Lëtzebuergesch)
Administration Languages: French, German, Luxembourgish, English (common)

Euro (EUR)
Time zone
UTC +1
Form of government: Constitutional Monarchy under a system of Parliamentary Democracy
Head of State: JRJ Grand Duke Henri

May to mid-October: pleasant temperatures (18-25°)
May & June: sunniest months (25-26°)
July & August: hottest months (26-30°)
September & October: Luxembourg’s Indian Summer (19-23°)

Area: 2.586 sq kilometres / 999 sq miles
Neighbour countries: Germany, Belgium, France

coat of arms